Sprecher + Schuh Houston is a UL508A Industrial Control Panel shop, and a UL Inspector often comes in to see what we are building, so we get to ask questions about the ‘right way’ to build panels that conform to codes.
We have previously asked about a little known application rule called BIG motor and LITTLE motor short-circuit protection. The rule simply is that if you choose a short circuit device for the big motor based on NEC 430-52.C.1 then you may add a little motor to the load side of that device IF adding that additional device does not cause you to change the original selection for the big motor. This is opposed to providing a feeder device to protect the short circuit device for the big motor as well as the little motor (three short circuit device and two of them are no doubt the same size and cost).
Let us take an example of a 250 HP (302 FLA) and a 5 HP (7.6FLA) at 480V. Now if we were to choose a molded case circuit breaker as the BCPD for the 250 HP , it could be as large as 250% of the FLA or 755amps but the common choice would be at 150% or 450amps (600 amp frame circuit breaker). Now to protect the 5 HP, we could use a KTA7-25S-10A or a 30 amp fuse block and a set of fuses as shown in Figure 1 below.